Archaeology Magazine Archive

A publication of the Archaeological Institute of America

Special Introductory Offer!
online features
Further Reading "Fallen Heroes"
February 16, 2000

For Greek burial customs and monuments in general, see J. Boardman, Greek Sculpture: The Late Classical Period (New York, 1995); D. Kurtz and J. Boardman, Greek Burial Customs (Ithaca: Cornell University, 1971); I. Morris, Death-Ritual and Social Structure in Classical Antiquity (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1992); and R. Garland, The Greek Way of Death (Ithaca: Cornell University, 1985).

The Athenian Kerameikos (1991), J. Binder's translation of Ursula Knigge's guide to the Kerameikos, Der Kerameikos von Athen: Führung durch Ausgrabungen und Geschichte (Athens: Krene Verlag, 1988), may be difficult to find outside Greece, but the Blue Guide to Greece has a useful overview of the cemetery and its monuments as well as of the Dêmosion Sêma. For the evidence concerning state burials in particular, see C. Clairmont's "New Evidence for a Polyandrion in the Dêmosion Sêma of Athens?," JHS 101 (1981), pp. 132-134, and Patrios Nomos. Public Burial at Athens During the Fifth and Fourth Centuries B.C. (BAR 161), (Oxford 1983). For a detailed account of the "Tomb of Chabrias," see A. Mallwitz, "Das Staatsgrab am 3. Horos," pp. 99-125 in Kerameikos XII: Rundbauten im Kerameikos (Berlin 1980); for the grave of the Spartan casualties of 403 B.C. see, F. Willemsen, "Zu dem Lakedämoniergrab im Kerameikos," AM 92 (1977), pp. 117-157.

For ancient texts see Pausanias, Guide to Greece, trans. P. Levi (Baltimore: Penguin, 1971) and C. Habicht, Pausanias' Guide to Ancient Greece (Berkeley: University of California, 1988); Thucydides, The Peloponnesian War, trans. by S. Lattimore (Hackett Publishing Co.: Indianapolis, 1998); and Xenophon, A History of My Times, trans. R. Warner (New York: Penguin, 1979). On funeral speeches, see N. Loraux, The Invention of Athens: The Funeral Oration in the Classical City (Cambridge: Harvard University, 1986).

A Rendezvous with HistoryIntroduction

© 2000 by the Archaeological Institute of America