A publication of the Archaeological Institute of America
EgyptFrench archaeologists hailed a limestone statue of a pharaoh from the 13th Dynasty (1781-1650 B.C.) as one of the most significant recent discoveries from their excavations at the royal city of Karnak. Believed to portray Neferhotep I, the figure is one half of a double statue that archaeologists believe depicts two images of the same pharaoh holding hands. The second half of the statue remains buried and will be excavated next year.
Asia & the Pacific
IndiaArchaeologists working near the city of Raipur announced the discovery of a 15-square-mile complex containing more than 200 Buddhist, Jain, and Shiva temples from the sixth and seventh centuries A.D. While the temple complex is the largest yet found from the period, archaeologists are most intrigued by the erotic animal portraits found carved in stone at the site, calling them "the rarest of carvings seen in archaeology."
SaipanHuman remains without arm and leg bones have been turning up during sewer-line excavations, and archaeologists suspect the absent limbs were fashioned into the lethal Chamorro spearheads so feared by Spanish colonists. More than 40 sets of remains, tentatively dated to the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, with missing longbones have been discovered since last year, leading researchers to believe they have located a Chamorro village.
GibraltarCalling it their most important urban find in several years, Gibraltar Museum archaeologists announced the discovery of the Gate of Grenada, the main entrance to the city during the fourteenth century, when the rock was under North African rule. Describing the well-preserved pillar bases that once formed the gate as
"of a scale comparable to the Alhambra itself," the archaeologists said the find revealed the important connection between Gibraltar and Grenada at the time.
United KingdomCesspits show that medieval Glaswegians ate more healthfully than their modern counterparts, and now local officials are hoping to use the archaeological evidence to help tackle the obesity epidemic among the city's chip-loving citizens. Large amounts of plant and fish remains and smaller quantities of animal bones have been found during excavations, and these finds will be highlighted on the city's new Medieval Trail, to run from Glasgow Cathedral to the River Clyde.
ArizonaWhile politicians were busy fighting over a proposed Wal-Mart Supercenter in Mesa this spring, archaeologists at the 240-acre development site were excavating one of the largest Hohokam canal systems ever discovered in the region. The 20 canals, estimated to have been built as early as A.D. 600, are up to 45 feet wide and 16 feet deep. Six pit houses were also found at the site.
MexicoSee "Insider: Fantastic Footprints."